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Development of Calendar Aging Model for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries

Article of Honda R&D Technical Review Vol.31 No.1

Summary

A new life prediction model was developed on the basis of lithium ion rechargeable battery analysis results. This makes it possible to predict an accurate battery capacity fading status that is dependent on storage time and to shorten the time for acquisition of experimental data required for prediction. For this model, attention was focused on the fact that the various causes of aging are electrochemical reactions that occur within the battery, and model equations that have terms for temperature and energy were adopted for this model. The variables that are required in the established equations were determined by curve fitting with the results from accelerated calendar aging tests conducted at three temperature conditions and three state of charge conditions, for a total of nine conditions. The variables obtained from the accelerated calendar aging test conducted at 65°C and state of charge of 80% yielded prediction results that matched the experiment values. Since this model can also be applied to predict the charge and discharge curves of a battery that has aged, it is anticipated that the model can be further applied to estimate the state of charge from the battery terminal voltage.

Reference

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Author (organization or company)

Pu QIAN(Automobile R&D Center)、Hirotaka ENDO(R&D Center X)、Terumi FURUTA(Automobile R&D Center)、Mitsumoto KAWAI(Automobile R&D Center)

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