1. Home
  2. Honda R&D Technical Review Vol.26 N...
  3. Life Design and Evaluation Method o...

Technical Review e-Book: Summary

Life Design and Evaluation Method of Type 3 High-Pressure Hydrogen Tank for Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle

Article of Honda R&D Technical Review Vol.26 No.1


Failure in Type 3 high-pressure hydrogen tanks occurs as a result of the growth of cracks in the boss of the liner or the cylinder until the liner is penetrated. The boss of the liner is prone to exposure to corrosive environments, for example by being splashed with water during driving. For this reason, it is essential to evaluate the life of a tank until a leak occurs with consideration of the corrosive environments in an actual vehicle. A life design method based on the mechanism of failure of the boss, in which evaluations
are conducted with consideration of stress corrosion cracking and sustained load cracking, was therefore developed. The correlation between the results produced by the method and the results of tests using a Type 3 high-pressure hydrogen tank was examined, demonstrating the validity of the method. This paper also discusses a method of evaluation of Type 3 high-pressure hydrogen tanks that considers their fatigue characteristics in the type of corrosive environments occurring in actual vehicles.


(1) The High Pressure Gas Safety Institute of Japan: Sukyuba yo Aruminiumu Gokinsei Yoki no Chosa Hokokusho (2001) (in Japanese)
(2) U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration: Technical Report Metallurgical Evaluation of DOT-E-6498-2216 Cylinder (1997)
(3) American National Standard for Basic Requirements for Compressed Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Containers (NGV2), ANSI/CSA (2000)
(4) Suresh, S.: Crack Deflection: Implications for the Growth of Long and Short Fatigue Cracks, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 14, Issue 11, p. 2375-2385 (1983)
(5) Speidel, M. O.: Stress corrosion cracking of aluminum alloys, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 6, Issue 4, p. 631-651 (1975)
(6) New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization: Heisei 17 Nendo - Heisei 21 Nendo Seika Houkokusyo, Suiso Shakai Kochiku Kyotsu Kibanseibi Jigyo, Suiso Infura toni Kakawaru Kisei Saitenken oyobi Hyojunka notameno Kenkyu Kaihatsu, Suiso yo Arumi Zairyo no Kiso Kenkyu (2010) (in Japanese)
(7) The High Pressure Gas Safety Institute of Japan KHK S0128: 2013, 70MPa Assyuku Suiso Jidosya Nenryo Souchi you Yoki Kijyun no Gijyutsu Kijyun (in Japanese)
(8) Murakami, Y., Matsuoka, S.: Effect of Hydrogen on Fatigue Crack Growth of Metals, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 77, No. 11, p. 1926-1940 (2010)
(9) ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRSP/2012/23:2012, Revised Draft Global Technical Regulation (gtr) on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles
(10) ISO7866: Gas Cylinders - Refillable Seamless Aluminum Alloy Gas Cylinders - Design, Construction and Testing
(11) The High Pressure Gas Safety Institute of Japan KHK S220:2009, Chokoatsu Gasu Setsubi ni Kansuru Kijun (in Japanese)
(12) ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section VIII Division 3: Alternative Rules for Construction of High Pressure Vessels, American Society of Mechanical Engineers
(13) ASTM E647: Standard Test Method for Measurement of Fatigue Crack Growth Rates
(14) ASTM E399: Standards Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness KIC of Metallic Materials
(15) ISO7539-6: Corrosion of Metals and Alloys -Stress Corrosion Testing - PART 6: Preparation and Use of Pre-cracked Specimens
(16) REGULATION (EC) No 79/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 14 January 2009: Type-approval of Hydrogen-powered Motor Vehicles, and Amending Directive 2007/46/EC
(17) Sugiyama, Y., Ogawa, T., Kanezaki, T., Hayashi, N.: Suisoyo Aruminiumu Gokin no Ensuicyu no Hushoku Hiro Kiretsu Shinten Tokusei, Proceedings of The 28th Symposium on Fatigue, The Society of Material Science of Japan, p. 46-50 (2013) (in Japanese)
(18) Ogawa, T., Sugiyama, Y., Kanezaki, T., Hayashi, N.: Characteristics of Corrosion Fatigue Crack Growth in Salt Water of Aluminum Alloys for Hydrogen Gas Containers, Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP2013), PVP2013-97259 (2013)
(19) The High Pressure Gas Safety Institute of Japan KHK S0152 Fuzokusho 1, P. 27: 2012, Aruminiumu Gokinsei Ippan Tsugimenashi Yoki Saikensa Kijun (in Japanese)
(20) The High Pressure Gas Safety Institute of Japan: Yoki Hoankisoku ni Motozuki Hyoji tono Saimoku, Yoki Saikensa no HoHo too Sadameru Kokuji, Article 20, Koatsu Gasu Hoan Hokishu 11th revised edition (2012) (in Japanese)

Author (organization or company)

Toshihiko KANEZAKI(Automobile R&D Center)、Satomi MANO(Automobile R&D Center)、Kazuo MIYAGAWA(Automobile R&D Center)、Noboru HAYASHI(Automobile R&D Center)、Takeshi OGAWA(Aoyama Gakuin University)

We would like to get your opinion on this research paper. (This is only applicable to registered members.)

The readers of this research paper have also selected these research papers.

Development of New Fuel Cell Vehicle CLARITY FUEL CELL
Article of Honda R&D Technical Review Vol.28 No.1
Development of New FC Stack for CLARITY FUEL CELL
Article of Honda R&D Technical Review Vol.28 No.2
Life Prediction Model Estimating Chemical Degradation of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane for Fuel Cells
Article of Honda R&D Technical Review Vol.28 No.1